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Reproductives that are darker in colour have functional eyes and robust skin. This caste becomes the pioneers of colonies.
The temperature, food quality, and action of this colony will determine how long it takes to get a termite to grow from egg to mature.
Nests and tunnels are stored moist because worker termites cannot stand low humidity for long periods of time. The temperature within the nursery of a large nest ranges between 10 C and 35 C but seldom changes more than one degree a day. The relative humidity is approximately 100 per cent.
It is important to properly identify the type of pest termite before beginning treatment. This can help you understand the habits of the colony, find the nest and indicate the most appropriate method of control.
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Termite species are identified by their soldier termites, which has got the most prominent features.
These termites are widely dispersed throughout Victoria, and are responsible for more than 80 per cent of termite damage to buildings.
Soldiers have brown, saber-like jaws. They quantify 3.56.5 mm in length. When disturbed, these soldiers yank a white, rubbery glue-like substance out of their pear-shaped heads.
Coptotermes construct nests in trees (preferring eucalypts), stumps, under concrete flooring, in wall cracks or enclosed verandahs.
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These termites travel at least 50 metres from the colony via a series of underground tunnels to find food. Coptotermes acinaciformis send substantial numbers to new food resources and, therefore, respond strongly to lure. In contrast, Coptotermes frenchi explore for new food resources and feed at multiple points.
Nasutitermes exitiosus is common north of the Great Dividing Range. They construct dark, thin-walled mound nests between 30 cm and 75 cm above ground. These mounds are around 1m in diameter.
This is species of termite called termite. They are normally found nesting in massive parts of wood (particularly older trees) and are most common in moist, mountainous locations. They may, however, also be found in the foothills of Melbourne.
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Porotermes tend to live in colonies than other species, and do not construct shelter tubes or travel much underground. They are more readily controlled than other species.
A colony of Schedorhinotermes will possess two distinct sizes of soldiers, called major and minor soldiers. Major soldiers grow around 5.6 mm long, while minor soldiers are only 3.6 mm long. webpage Both types of soldier have mandibles.
Schedorhinotermes are harmful and relatively nomadic, rather than maintaining a fixed, central nest.
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Heterotermes are distributed throughout Australia. They are only a insect species in the Northern Hemisphere.
The soldiers of this species are around 4.75 mm long, with lengthy, dark jaws and parallel-sided heads.
Heterotermes reside in small colonies that assault fence posts, timber flooring, and paling fences within a radius of the nest. They are commonly found because they feed on small timbers on the ground surface.
Dusts work to control termites because they ingest and disperse the insecticide among the colony during habitual grooming.
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Insect growth-regulator dusts (such as Triflumuron) and non-repellent termiticides are the most powerful methods of termite dust control to the human consumer.
Arsenic trioxide dust has been used since the 1930s to control termites, often with the addition of oxide or another colourant. However, arsenic trioxide is a poisonous, highly poisonous elemental pesticide that does not degrade.
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Baiting is most often the best way to kill an attacking colony when the main nest site cannot be found. Bait stations also allow you to collect samples of termites for species identification.
Bait stations consist of containers of cellulose materials like timber, paper or cellulose gel that are either buried in the ground near the building under assault or carefully placed inside near known harm.
Bait generally utilize slow-acting, non-detectable toxins so that the nearly complete colony can be poisoned before adverse impacts arise. Repellent termiticide formulations such as those of all pyrethroids are not as colony control agents. Care has to be taken not to cross contaminate baits with even tiny residues of different pesticides.
Baiting does not provide a barrier that is practical. The baits do not isolate the building as termites continue to be able to access the structure. For long-term structural protection, barriers are favored.
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Chemical barriers function by applying an unbroken boundary of pesticide around the exterior of an infested arrangement. This creates a zone or band of soil that is poisonous that the termites cannot cross. Creating an effective chemical barrier could involve trenching around the foundations of the construction, and injecting the chemical into the ground through holes drilled in concrete foundations.